By 2008, malnutrition remained a problem worldwide, particularly in less developed countries. According to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), “850 million undernourished people in the world between 1999 and 2005, the most recent year for which statistics are available” and the number of malnourished people has increased recently. An orange ribbon is used to raise awareness of malnutrition in the world. FAO malnutrition, paying the amount of food available in a country at national level with the number of people living in the country.The main cause of the malnutrition problem is that the human population exceeds the volume capacity of the earth However, Food First (Food First) raised the issue of food sovereignty and argued that each country (with the possible exception of some cities and states) has sufficient agricultural capacity to feed its own people, but the economy of “free market” associated with institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank prevent this from happening. At the other end of the spectrum, the World Bank claims to be part of the solution of malnutrition, saying that the best way for countries to succeed in breaking the cycle of poverty and malnutrition is to build export economies, giving them resources Financial to buy food in the world market.Amartya Sen won the Nobel Prize in 1998, partly for his work emerged that famine is not typically the product of the loss of food, rather, the famine was flour, from problems in food distribution or from government policies in developing countries. Exchange policies and food security are often difficult to understand. Many people are enthusiastic in thinking that sending food aid to the poor of the world is a useful idea, but that each country should produce its own food.Countries that have become more open to international market in recent years (eg China, Vietnam or Peru) have greatly reduced the prevalence of malnutrition according to the extent established by the FAO (consuming energy from food by below the minimum acceptable) or to the extent provided by the World Health Organization, by the percentage of children under five years who presented atrophy, wasting or underweight. The countries that remain closed to foreign trade (eg North Korea) have not improved or have worsened their food situation.Some of the anti-globalization groups insist on “food sovereignty”, ie the idea that each country should be physically self-sufficient in every food item consumed by its people, according to this version, the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Belgium , and indeed almost all countries in the world would be unsafe from the standpoint of food and desert nation such as Saudi Arabia, should be in need of international aid (with its current population) would not be viable as a country. A recently adopted policy to alleviate world malnutrition is the food aid, ie the physical donation of food from rich countries to poor countries.From the point of view of donors in rich countries, this is an appropriate way to reduce excess supply created by domestic agricultural subsidies, stabilizing farm-level prices in rich countries, even if the cost of providing the food for final beneficiaries is often disproportionately high. Food aid can be realistic for short emergencies (natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts and floods, or man-made such as war and refugee flows) or in the form of a long-term program for a extended period. From the viewpoint of the recipient country, the value of food aid depends on the form it takes. Emergency food aid is welcome, as well as cash assistance may also be welcome, because food can often be purchased locally in areas not affected by the emergency, benefiting local farmers.The long-term food aid, contrary to adversely affect production and distort markets. Food aid programs in the long term, should be gradually replaced by directing aid to economic development, ultimately enabling the poor country is independent and get enough money to buy food (whether produced locally or imported). Part of that economic development should encourage local farmers to change their crop patterns for industrial crop for the domestic or global.Recognizing the inherent potential of the microalga Spirulina (Spirulina platensis), to counter malnutrition and its negative impact on many levels of society, especially in developing countries and least developed countries, the international colony declared its firm conviction join hands to form an intergovernmental institution for the use of the microalga Spirulina Platensiscontra malnutrition, IIMSAM. The Spirulina platensis, due to its easy accessibility, economy and ability to be assimilated into the human body is a powerful tool not only to combat malnutrition but also to halt the loss of life especially in children and enrich human capital.The Goodwill Ambassadors IIMSAM around the world, as the eminent footballer, Diego Maradona, the fashion designer Carolina Herrera, musician Chris de Burgh and the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, Tushar Gandhi Foundation Mahatma Gandhi among others, help spread the mandate of the organization and aspire to build a consensus to make Spirulina a key driver to achieve food security and health bridge over dell world.
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